The fake news provision in the Bayanihan To Heal As One Act
April 6, 2020
I cannot count the number of times misleading messages reach my group chats. If the sender is a friend or relative, I adhere to the golden rule of choosing to be kind over being right. Conveying the truth through a private message is the best remedy. But Filipinos need to scrutinize their posts before sharing or posting because of Section 6(f) of the Republic Act 11469 or the “Bayanihan To Heal As One Act.” The provision penalizes “fake news” or disinformation, under which reads:
“Individuals or groups creating, perpetrating, or spreading false information regarding the Covid-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) crisis on social media and other platforms, such information having no valid or beneficial effect on the population, and are clearly geared to promote chaos, panic, anarchy, fear, or confusion; and those participating in cyber incidents that make use or take advantage of the current crisis situation to prey on the public through scams, phishing, fraudulent emails, or other similar acts.”
As a digital rights advocate, the fake news provision is disturbing, as it might stifle the same rights we are fighting for. Using the term “fake news” doesn’t describe the complexity of misinformation (the inadvertent sharing of false information) and disinformation (the deliberate creation and sharing of information known to be false). The best way to fight disinformation is through education and the truth. I believe the provision threatens our constitutional rights to free expression and access to information. The statement, “Digital rights advocates demand the repeal of Section 6 of Bayanihan to Heal as One Act” on March 31, 2020, which I signed, encapsulates my opposition to this provision. False information is not defined in any existing law, so we leave its determination to the whims of law enforcers. The provision does not distinguish between those who like, share and comment, and those who deliberately generate false content or actively discuss pieces of information that are deemed false.
The National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUP) also released a statement on March 26, 2020 that the fake news provision threatens freedom and expression of the press. Section 6(f) seeks to punish people for an offense that, legally, does not even exist.
NUJP further adds that the “law will leave it up to the government, particularly to President Rodrigo Duterte, to be the arbiter of what is true or not, a prospect that cannot invite confidence given the fact that many administration officials, including the chief executive, have been sources of disinformation and misinformation.”
Though I want the government to repeal Section 6, particularly its provision on false information, it might not happen soon. Let’s take a quick pause before posting. Seek the help of our community and official sources to verify your posts. The Department of Health provides timely updates and infographics on Viber, Facebook and Twitter. It debunks a lot of fake news and disinformation on these channels.
Complaints on local government units (LGUs) are increasing and this is where the misinformation could start. LGUs could use its resources to generate, curate and disseminate critical pieces of information to the public and specific constituents towards addressing Covid-19 and supporting the needs of those most rendered vulnerable.
Being careful about sharing misinformation does not mean being silent. I am sure you have witnessed the positive impact of free speech and organizing over social media for the past weeks. Organizing fund drives and volunteer groups for medical equipment, food and transportation is all over social media platforms. We are gaining much headway in the battle against misinformation and contrived campaigns. More netizens are working from home and reaching out to win over those outside our echo chambers and even pushed back trolls.
Expressing our opinions on social media provided immediate results from officials in over 10 instances**. Trolls and the usual swarming techniques did not work for these officials. Just a few of these comprise: 1) Public concern over proposed power to take over corporations led to backtracking of the executive, with Congress restricting emergency powers; 2) A Negros Occidental governor recalled an order banning government hospital personnel from asking the public for personal protective equipment donations within a day because of social media outcry from doctors and their public; 3) The Health department drew flak from the public when they said it would pay volunteers P500 a day, so they are now considering its supplemental budget to increase the compensation.
Public opinion led to improvements in implementing the enhanced community quarantine.
Filipinos are not just fighting Covid-19 but also against fake news and incompetence.
Speaking up means praising those who have stepped up beyond the call of duty in these extraordinary times. Our concerted voices magnify the good and pushes our government to move in the right direction. I hope that the Section 6(f) provision will not be used to curtail free speech, and information critical of the government.
Noemi Lardizabal-Dado is a Content Strategist with over 16 years experience in blogging, content management, citizen advocacy and media literacy and over 26 years in web development. Otherwise known as @MomBlogger on social media, she believes in making a difference in the lives of her children by advocating social change for social good.
She is a co-founder and a member of the editorial board of Blog Watch . She is a resource speaker on media literacy, social media , blogging, digital citizenship, good governance, transparency, parenting, women’s rights and wellness, and cyber safety.
Her personal blogs such as aboutmyrecovery.com (parenting) , pinoyfoodblog.com (recipes), techiegadgets.com (gadgets) and benguetarabica.coffee keep her busy outside of Blog Watch.
I am an advocate. I am NOT neutral. I will NOT give social media mileage to members of political clans, epal, a previous candidate for the same position and those I believe are a waste of taxpayers' money.
I do not support or belong to any political party. I was part of accredited media covering the Office of the Vice President and Leni Robredo as she ran as a presidential aspirant in the 2022 National and local elections.
On August 5, 2021, YouTube announced that I was selected as one of 50 Program participants of its Creator Program for Independent Journalists
She was a Senior Consultant for ALL media engagements for the PCOO-led Committee on Media Affairs & Strategic Communications (CMASC) under the ASEAN 2017 National Organizing Council from January 4 -July 5, 2017. Having been an ASEAN advocate since 2011, she has written extensively about the benefits of the ASEAN community and as a region of opportunities on Blog Watch and aboutmyrecovery.com.
Organization affiliation includes Consortium on Democracy and Disinformation
Updated June 6, 2022